Civil Engineering

    Civil Engineering


    L.K.&A. provides complete site design services for both our residential and commercial clients. Our staff is experienced with a broad spectrum of Civil Engineering projects that vary from grading plans to health department licensing. In fact, we are one of the area’s most used construction and demolition landfill license renewal companies. When combined with our land surveying crews and modern CAD packages, the creation of 3-D land models for water runoff calculations, quantities of earthwork cut/fill, and even roadway and subdivision design are easily within reach.


    There are 5 Major Discipline’s of Civil Engineering

    • Hydraulics and Ocean Engineering

    • Structural Engineering

    • Transportation Engineering

    • Soil Mechanics and Foundations

    • Environmental and Water Resources Engineering


    Hydraulic Engineers are concerned with the analysis of water and other fluids, flow characteristics, and with the design of machines and structures for Fluid Containment, Control and Distribution. Some examples of projects that Hydraulic Engineers would participate in are: Water Distribution Systems (i.e. Pipe Networks), Sedimentation Lagoons, Ports and Harbors, Dams, and Irrigation/Canal Systems.


    The Ocean Engineer is more concerned with sediment movement and how water waves act on stationary and movable bodies. During most storms, there is much turbulence and therefore a great deal of sand and gravel movement on beaches. Through the use of jetty’s and other forms of man-made structures, we can stop or re-direct this movement of sediment.


    Transportation Engineering

    The Transportation Engineer plans and designs transportation systems and facilities. Some of the areas of specialization are: Traffic Flow and Traffic Impact Studies (on land, air, and water) Planning and Design of:


    Enviromental and Water Resources Engineering

    All civil engineers must consider the impact that their systems and structures will have on the environment. However, as a specialization within Civil Engineering, Environmental Engineers are particularly concerned with protecting the environment from the potentially harmful effects of human activity, and protecting human populations from the effects of adverse environmental factors. They analyze environmental quality and design systems and structures that improve air, water, and soil quality, thus improving human health. Using chemistry, microbiology, mechanics and a variety of other disciplines of study, Environmental Engineers manage such systems as water treatment, sewage treatment, and solid waste disposal.



    As can be seen, civil engineering encompasses a wide variety of topics. A civil engineer must have a general knowledge of all these areas because any specific area touches upon many others. The choice of specializations within civil engineering is practically limitless. Within each category described above, there are many interesting and inter-related topics. Civil engineers are employed in all levels of government, from consulting and contracting firms, to supply industries. They not only occupy positions that require wide range of technical knowledge, but often require high levels of managerial and administrative responsibility. Civil Engineering continues to remain an important field in our rapidly expanding technical world.